One of the major concerns highlighted in the report was the volatile nature of cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin.
The report notes that “this volatility in price fluctuation remains a concern, even as regulators seek to strike a balance between managing the risks that accompany innovations and avoiding being an impediment to market led innovation. The debate is on as to the ideal regulatory perimeter within which these virtual currencies that use decentralized technology operate.”
ICO Regulation and Other Concerns
The report goes on to say that “the Authority Vide a cautionary notice on 21st
February,2018, warned investors against taking part in Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs), indicating that to date the Authority has not approved any ICO, taking the position that the ongoing offerings are unregulated and speculative investments with considerable risk exposure to the investor.”
The report points to the following as cause for worry:
Lack of transparency given that some of the innovations were invented with the objective of avoiding regulation.
The report goes on to give the following recommendations based on the existing concerns:
There is need for regulators to devise a common approach towards handling issues revolving around Cryptocurrencies and Initial Coin Offerings. A joint work group by financial sector regulators could be put in place to tackle issues around cryptocurrencies/ICOs.
An alternative approach would be creation a special unit that is an arm of all relevant regulators to deal with all issues aimed at regulating cryptocurrency.
Regulators need to communicate their willingness to accommodate FinTechs to the market to remove the perception that regulators are innately hesitant to appreciate new Fintech innovations.
There is room to develop international regulatory principles for crypto assets including initial coin offerings (ICOs). The goal should be to harness the potential of the underlying technology, while ensuring financial stability and mitigating the risks from money laundering and terrorism financing. This has been advocated by IMF.