Facebook Outage Illustrates the Problem with Centralization and the Appeal of Web3

For several hours, Facebook and its subsidiary services – Facebook Messenger, WhatsApp, and Instagram – suffered a 6+ hour outage making its services inaccessible globally.

Facebook’s services control over 70% of the messenger market – about 2.89 billion global users – demonstrating the danger of centralized systems with almost near market monopoly.

Reports suggest that the outages were caused by DNS recordings being withdrawn from global routing tables. Facebook’s attempted manual server restarts resulted in employees even being unable to enter buildings to the widespread service disruption.


SEE ALSOWe are Funding an Initiative Around an Open Decentralized Standard for Social Media, Says Twitter CEO


This is the most significant outage for Facebook since 2019 when the site went offline for more than 24 hours.

Here is a historical breakdown of major Facebook outages to date:

  • 2008 – Outage affected over 150 million people and lasted for one day
  • 2019 – Outage affected over 2.3 bilion people and lasted for 14 hour
  • 2021 – Outage affected over 2.89 billion people and lasted for roughly 5 hours

For advocates of blockchain and decentralized networks, the latest outage is yet another prominent demonstration of the vulnerability of centralized systems and how they can fail on a massive scale.

Blockchain offers a potential alternative to such centralized models, with distributed, user-run networks that lack a single point of failure and are censorship-resistant to boot.

Speaking about the incident, Matthew Gould, CEO, Unstoppable Domains, said:

“Today’s total collapse of Facebook and Instagram, among other apps, illustrates the problem with centralization.

On the decentralized web, or Web 3.0, it would make it easier for users to port their data and contacts over to other services, as they wouldn’t be dependent on Facebook or a Facebook login to contact their friends and family or use their favorite apps.”

                                   – CEO / Founder, Unstoppable Domains

While the problem was DNS-related, the outage however reminds us why we need a more open, decentralized and inclusive internet free from disruptions and with strong defences.

The topic of decentralized social networks continues to gain momentum with the likes of Aave, the decentralized lending protocol touting an Ethereum-based rival to Twitter, and Twitter itself funding an initiative dubbed ‘Blue Sky,’ to develop a decentralized social media protocol.

In 2019, a decentralized social network called Voice went live on the EOS blockchain further demonstrating continued efforts to bring decentralization within the social media landscape.


RECOMMENDED READINGBlock.One Announces Voice, a New Decentralized Social Media Platform on EOSIO Blockchain


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